Foreword by Professor Jennie Lang1.Introduction: Three Missions of Universities and their Role in National Innovation Systems – Experiences from Asia-Pacific | V V KrishnaJapan, Australia and New Zealand2. Changing University-Industry Links in the Japanese National Innovation System: Towards Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development | Fumi Kitagawa3. Globalisation and the future of Australian universities | Sam Garrett-Jones and Tim Turpin4. Changing role of research and Innovation in New Zealand Universities | Shantha Liyanage and Antonio Díaz AndradeChina and India: Emerging Economies5. Research and Innovation in Chinese Universities | Weiping Wu6. Indian Universities in the National Innovation System | V.V.Krishna and Swapan Kumar PatraSouth Korea, Taiwan and Singapore: Newly Industrializing Economies7. University-industry R&D Collaboration in Korea's National Innovation System | Lee, Kong-Rae8. University-Industry-Government Linkages: the case of Taiwan Ching-Yan Wu and Mei-Chih Hu9. Research and Innovation in Asian Universities: Case study of the National University of Singapore | Seeram Ramakrishna and V V KrishnaSouth East Asian Countries: Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam10. University-Industry Linkages and Innovation Activities in Malaysia | Rajah Rasiah and Hema Subramonian11. Universities in Thailand's National Innovation System: Their Contributions on Industrial and Technological Upgrading | Richard F. Doner, PatarapongIntarakumnerd and Bryan K. Ritchie12. Role of universities in the national innovation system of the Philippines | Raymund B. Habaradas13. Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia: Access, Innovation and Research | R. Alpha Amirrachman14. The Roles of Universities in Vietnam's National Innovation System | Nguyen Ngoc Anh, Nguyen Phuong Mai, Doan Quang Hung and Dao Ngoc Tien15. Asia Pacific Universities in National Innovation Systems: Concluding Synthesis | V.V.Krishna
Sunday, 30 July 2017
New Book | Universities in the National Innovation Systems: Experiences from the Asia-Pacific | edited by V. V. Krishna
Universities in the National Innovation Systems: Experiences from the Asia-Pacific
Edited by V. V. Krishna, Routledge India, 2017, Hardback, 428 pages, ISBN: 9781138213470.
Summary: This volume looks at the role of universities in the National Innovation Systems in economies of the Asia Pacific. It examines the tremendous growth of human and knowledge capital made possible by teaching and research excellence in major universities, along with how universities are being re-positioned as frontiers of innovation in the National Systems of Innovation. The chapters assess the impact of globalisation and innovation together with the emergence of 'new' knowledge sites extended to the Asia Pacific region.
With contributions by experts and academics and key case studies, this book will be useful to scholars and researchers in higher education, development studies, public policy, economics, business and resource management, Asian studies as well as policymakers.
Table of Contents
Wednesday, 26 July 2017
ALIS Article | Science in pre-independent India: a scientometric perspective | by S K Patra and Mammo Muchie
Science in Pre-Independent India: A Scientometric Perspective
by Swapan Kumar Patra and Mammo Muchie
Annals of Library and Information Studies, 2017, 64(2), 125-136.
Abstract: Scientific publications and different types of collaboration pattern in pre-independent India are mapped using scientometrics and social network analysis tools. Publication data of Indian authors published before 1947 are downloaded from the Scopus database of Elsevier science. The study traces the literature growth patterns, core journals, productive authors, authorship collaboration patterns, productive institutions and their collaboration patterns. The result shows that maximum literature was published in the year 1936. The growth of publications during the mid-1930s was evident as many scientific institutions were established by that time. The subject-wise maximum activity was observed in chemistry followed by agricultural and biological science. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences was the most preferred journals. Universities played the prominent role in scientific research. Some private institutions with 'nationalistic' enthusiasm, for example, Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institute for Cultivation of Science were very productive institutions and also prominent in institutional collaboration. These institutions started in the colonial period continue to be the pillars of modern science in India.
Keywords: Colonial Science;Scientometrics;India;
Social Network Analysis;History of Science
ABDR Article | Role of Innovation System in Development of Biotechnology in South Africa | by S K Patra and Mammo Muchie
Role of Innovation System in Development of Biotechnology in South Africa
Swapan Kumar Patra and Mammo Muchie
Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, 2017, 19(1), 3-30.
Abstract: South Africa is among the African countries that have taken initiatives to develop biotechnology industry to meet the persistent challenges of poverty, unemployment and inequality. This study analyse the Biotechnology Innovation System of South Africa using the three building blocks of sectoral system of innovation (SSI). It also benchmarks South African performance with that of other BRICS countries such as Brazil, Russia, India and China. Although the South African biotechnology market is quite small compared to other BRICS countries, its potential to grow is high. The scholarly publication patterns from the Medline database show that the knowledge base in this sector is small compared to other countries. However the South African scholarly papers are highly cited. This shows their relevance at the global level. The patent portfolio is also very small and limited to a few technological categories. The publication and patent portfolios show that university research output is not readily being translated into commercial products. Although there are many examples of university spinoff firms in biotechnology, findings from this study emphasis the need for a stronger university-industry relationship to encourage innovation for entrepreneurial start-ups.
Keywords: Biotechnology, South Africa, Sectoral System of Innovation, developing countries, Global South